Our core aims for phonics are to ensure that all children:
- Can recognise the 44 graphemes and phonemes in the English language.
- Can segment and blend words
- To be able to read a wide range or words and use phonetic knowledge when they encounter a new word.
- To be able to use phonetic awareness to help them to segment words supporting their spelling and writing.
We believe the following are key ingredients in phonics are:
There are six phases of phonics in line with the curriculum:
Phase 1: Activities are divided into seven aspects: Environmental sounds, Instrumental sounds, Body sounds, Rhythm and Rhyme, Alliteration and finally Oral blending and Segmenting
Phase 2: Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting sounds into separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions
Phase3: The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as “ch” “oo” and “th” representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the simple code: one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase 4: No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent sounds e.g. swim, clap, jump
Phase 5: Now we move on to the complex code. Children learn more graphemes for phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase 6: Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters.
What this looks like in practice:
- Reception works on phase1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 with children working to be secure on phase 2 and 3 by the end of Reception.
- Year 1 work on Phase 3, 4, and 5 working towards their phonics screener and being secure on phase 5 by the end of the year.
- Year 2 work on Phase 5 and 6, making sure to work with and support any children who did not pass the screener to reduce their phonetic gaps.
- Each lesson looks at a new sound (phoneme) and the letter associated with the sound (grapheme.) Throughout the lesson children learn the phoneme/grapheme relationship, how to pronounce the sound, how to write the sound and how to apply the sound in both reading and writing a word that contains the sound.
- We incorporate the jolly phonics movements into our lesson to help make learning the sounds fun and memorable for the children.
- In Year 1 the children prepare for their phonics screening. They learn how to segment and blend a range of real and nonsense words to determine their phonics and reading ability.
Schemes, programmes and resources used to support phonics:
- In Year R we use the Jolly Phonics scheme. Click on the link below to find out more:
- In KS1 we use Letters and sounds. Click on the link below to find out more:
The impact of our phonics curriculum is as follows:
- Year 1 phonics screening results are in line with national.
- Children are able to develop the skills needed to hear and identify sounds, blend and segment words and use this knowledge to develop their reading and writing skills.
SMSC in Phonics:
Phonics is key to developing SMSC. At Walsh Memorial Infants phonics is used to develop SMSC across the curriculum by helping give children the skills they need to decode and develop the skills they need to read. With a great phonetic ability children are able to enjoy a range of texts that develop their social, moral, spiritual and cultural identifies.